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Tips for Managing Childhood Asthma and Allergies

children's allergic reactionThere is nothing scarier than suddenly finding yourself unable to breathe. Children with asthma are forced to deal with this fear more often than is fair, and parents often feel helpless – your ability to help is limited to administering medications and offering comfort while waiting for them to take effect. In this situation especially, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Managing asthma and allergies is crucial to preventing flare-ups.

The key to effective management lies in understanding the link between allergies and asthma, making plans, and implementing proactive strategies to avoid and deal with flare-ups. Let’s explore practical tips for parents to help you learn how to manage asthma and allergies in children, ensuring their well-being and minimizing its impact on their lives.


Make a Plan

Working with your Pediatrician is crucial to develop a comprehensive plan for your child’s asthma and allergies. Work together with them to create an action plan that includes preventive measures, symptom management strategies, and emergency protocols. This will serve as your roadmap to navigate potential triggers and help you to take immediate action when needed. 


Avoid Triggers

Identifying and minimizing exposure to triggers is essential to managing children’s allergies and resulting asthma. Common triggers include pollen, dust mites, pet dander, mold, and some foods. Take proactive measures to reduce allergens in your home, such as using allergen-proof bedding, regularly cleaning and vacuuming, and keeping pets out of bedrooms. Creating a clean and allergen-free environment can significantly reduce the frequency and severity of asthma and allergy symptoms.


Take Medications as Prescribed

Proper and consistent medication is vital to properly manage symptoms. Make sure your child takes their medications as directed by their Pediatrician. This may include long-term controller medications to manage underlying inflammation as well as rescue medications for immediate relief during flare-ups. Teach your child the importance of sticking to their medication routine and encourage them to take it regularly. 


Track Symptoms

Keeping track of your child’s symptoms and triggers is necessary. One option is to keep a symptom diary to help monitor the frequency and severity of asthma attacks, allergy symptoms, and potential triggers. Bring it with you to show your Pediatrician during follow-up visits to present them with the most accurate information possible.


Recognizing the Symptoms: 


Knowing how to manage asthma and allergies in children is crucial, but it is equally important to know the signs of a flare-up. Common symptoms of an asthma attack may include:

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness

These symptoms are often resolved with a rescue inhaler. Please note that using a rescue inhaler too often may prevent it from working effectively, which can lead to increasingly severe asthma. Use the inhaler only as recommended by a doctor. 

Allergic Reactions

Severe allergic reactions may manifest with different symptoms, including but not limited to:

  • Hives
  • Dizziness
  • Disorientation 
  • Fainting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of the face or throat


These symptoms may indicate anaphylaxis, a severe medical emergency. Call 911 immediately.

In the event of a severe flare-up, follow the emergency protocols outlined in your action plan, administer prescribed medications promptly, and seek immediate medical attention. 

Managing asthma and allergies in children requires a proactive approach, effective communication with your Pediatrician, and consistent use of preventive measures. By understanding the link between allergies and asthma, creating a plan, and being prepared for severe flare-ups, you can significantly reduce the effect of these conditions and their impact on your child’s life. 

At Hello Pediatrics, our board-certified Pediatricians are available during off-hours, so parents can address potential changes or ask questions about their child’s management plan or symptoms. To learn more about our virtual after-hours care, contact us at (855) 576-8745 or schedule an appointment online.

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